Stages of periodontal disease and its treatment

In recent years, most of the population has suffered from gum diseases; this is due to many reasons such as consuming a sugary and unhealthy diet, ignoring oral health, and keeping irregular dental routines. Many of us, either male or female, cross our 30’s and start having toothaches and increased sensitivity, which is the first trigger that our teeth are weakening. Tooth loss is not a sudden moment; it is the last option left after various stages of periodontal diseases. We all should pay attention to pain and sensitivity in our teeth and routinely visit our dentist to ensure that bacteria are not building up and causing infections.

Can early periodontal disease be reversed?

When we brush and floss our teeth twice a day, it removes the plaque and tartar build-up and cleans your teeth. Bad habits like smoking or chewing tobacco adversely affect oral health and are a few of the primary reasons for gum disease. Besides medical conditions like hormonal imbalance, an insufficient amount of saliva and genetic disorders lead to gum problems. The Gum problems tend to start with gingivitis, which is the beginning stage, and its cure is simple. However, if left untreated, it advances to an extreme level.
Stages of periodontal disease

1st stage

Periodontal disease starts with gingivitis, and this is the only reversible stage. It is the mildest form of infection in the gums which has not yet spread to the bones. The plaque builds around the teeth, which regular brushing and flossing can clean. This is a silent stage where the individual doesn’t have any symptoms. Many of us get it daily, but keeping good oral hygiene does not let it proceed to the next level.

2nd stage

At the next level, bacteria strengthen and cause slight periodontal disease. Now, the infection reaches the bone and starts to attack, resulting in gradual loss of bone. Simple home hygiene is of no use if bacteria have spread to many corners in the gum. At this stage, there are only a few visible symptoms including slight bleeding when brushing and eating, bad breath, and redness or swelling in the gums.

3rd stage

This is a slightly higher stage than the previous one. The bacteria from the bones now enter the bloodstream of your immune system. It is a critical stage, and treatments include scaling or a root canal. These procedures deep clean the tooth to remove bacteria and infection from the gums. At this stage, the person might frequently have bleeding, toothaches, and increased sensitivity, even when biting and chewing.

The final stage

The final stage is the point of no return; tooth removal and looking for a replacement is the only option left. The bone is weakening, and the patient has swollen red gums; eating and drinking become difficult due to pain and sensitivity. Tooth removal is necessary at this stage; otherwise, the infection will spread to other mouth areas. Neither deep cleaning nor any other procedure can save the falling teeth at this step. However, after an extraction, another option like a dental implant is available.

It is better to get treatment at the initial stages of periodontal disease before it worsens. For further information regarding oral treatments, contact Caribbean Dental today at (915) 308-1089 to schedule your appointment.